Detailed Essay Planning Guide for Students

September 19, 2018 | GradeMiners
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A lot of students struggle with essay writing because they do not have a plan when they begin. When you start writing an essay without planning, there is a good chance that your piece will lack flow and will be difficult to read for the marker. With a plan, you not only get an idea of what to include in different parts of the essay but it also gets easier to write the paper because your thoughts are organized. So how do you go about it? In this article, you will learn how to go about essay planning to come up with an impressive paper worthy of a high grade.

Understand the Question

Lecturers and examiners complain a lot concerning assignments that do not answer the question asked. Before you start doing research for your paper, you need to make sure you have understood the essay question. The first thing you need to do is to figure out whether the question is open-ended or closed. If it is an open-ended question, you have the freedom to discuss whatever you choose that is relevant to the topic of discussion. However, if it is closed, you can only address issues aimed at answering the question without moving away from the context. Next, try to understand the keywords used so that you can get an idea of what you are required to do. Some examples of keywords you should look for include; compare, contrast, explain and outline among others. Once this is done, re-read the question again and break it down to different subheads to figure out what you are being asked? What you should include and what research materials you can use to gather the information required.

Idea Generation

Another important step in essay planning is generating ideas. Before you rush into writing your paper, you need to write down some of your initial thoughts about the task at hand.  Some of the things you need to note include what you already know about the topic, what you do not know and what you think your conclusion will be based on the information you have. This is a significant step because it enables you to learn where to focus your reading and how to approach the essay question.  After reading, you will also benefit from noting down the information you have gathered so that you do not need to keep going back to your textbook.

Plan Your Essay

Once you have understood the essay question and generated some ideas on how to approach it, you can now move the heart of essay planning which is figuring out what you are going to include in each part of your essay and the general structure of your paper.  In the introduction, you need to address the question, show your reader why it is interesting or important and provide a brief description of how you plan on answering it. The body contains your arguments to support your stand. Aim to have each point in its own paragraph to achieve flow and make the paper easy to read and understand. The conclusion should be a summary of your arguments, and it should show that you have answered the essay question. To avoid thinking about which arguments to put where when writing, create a rough draft and list the points you intend to discuss in each section. This allows you to write without any hassles.

Begin Writing Your Paper

When you are done essay planning, and you are satisfied with the information you have, you can now begin writing your paper. It is advisable to start working on the essay a number of days before your deadline. This is important because it allows you to set aside enough time to work on each section. The introductory paragraph is very important. In this part, you need to not only show the reader that you have understood the question but also give them a reason to keep reading. Therefore, you should ensure you have perfected your introduction before moving on to the next section. In the body, you need to provide arguments that support your thesis statement. They need to convince the reader that your point of view is correct and every claim you make needs to be backed up with references from well-researched papers related to the topic. If you manage to write a compelling introduction and body paragraphs, you should have no problem concluding because this only requires you to summarize everything you have discussed in your paper.


When you are done writing your essay, do not just set it aside and wait to submit it. Go through it again and correct all grammatical errors and other mistakes. It is also advisable to have someone else read it so that they can spot any imperfections you might have missed. However, do not entrust this task to just about anyone. Make sure it is someone who is knowledgeable about the topic such as one of the top students in your class or a professor.

Hire Expert Writers

When you have tried everything in your power, and you are still unable to come up with a good essay. You should consider hiring professional writers to help you complete your paper. One of the best companies you can rely on is This company not only offers numerous academic writing services but also has a team of qualified and experienced writers who stop at nothing to ensure you get a high-quality paper. Therefore, if you are facing any challenges in writing your essay, do not hesitate to contact

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